Prompt Bipolar Diagnosis will prevent the Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder from aggravating.
The importance of adhering to the management of Symptoms of Bipolar Disease is still emphasized due to its significant effect to the patient. Bipolar Diagnosis is given the same importance because it gives you a distinct finding if the person has positive results or not. It paves the chance to provide immediate treatment so as to prevent the worsening of a person’s bipolar symptoms.
What are the Types of Bipolar Disease?
During Bipolar diagnosis, you’ll be able to determine what type of Bipolar Disorder the patient experiences. There are four types of this disorder.
The first type is the Bipolar I Disorder; it has an evident major alteration from the individual’s normal mood or affect. The manic period can last for seven days or more and depressive episodes which can last for 2 weeks with severe Bipolar Disorder Symptoms of mania. This is a medical emergency and the patient should be brought immediately to the hospital because of his severe hyperactivity that can cause injury, either to others or to himself. The patient usually has more manic episodes than depressive ones.
The second type is the Bipolar II Disorder. The major episode in this condition is the depressive period and typically doesn’t show signs of fully developed mania.
The third type is the BP-NOS which literally means Bipolar-Not Otherwise Specified. This Bipolar Diagnosis is due to the fact that the person’s bipolar symptoms don’t last that long or has too few symptoms to be categorized with the other types. However, the way the person behaves is not at his normal state.
Lastly, we have the Cyclothymia or Cyclothymic Disorder. Its symptoms don’t meet Bipolar Disorder Diagnosis for other types. It is believed to be the mildest form of this disorder that can usually last for 2 years with hypomania and mild depression.
How Bipolar Diagnosis is Performed?
It is a challenge for the health team to easily and quickly diagnose the Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder because there is still no straightforward diagnostic tests to confirm its incidence. There are hopeful breakthroughs in clinical studies and research but currently there is no specific medical exam for this disorder. A psychiatrist will perform the following assessments to achieve a diagnosis for this disorder. The first step is to take the medical record and physical assessment to disqualify the existence of other physical diseases that might have precipitated the signs and symptoms. Then, it is necessary to check the patient’s psychiatric records to rule out the possibility of other psychiatric disorders and to note the history of the about mood swings and to check for sudden change in mood with a significant variation from his normal behavior range. After delving upon the patient’s medical and psychiatric records, you’ll have to focus on his family’s psychiatric and medical history because it is well known that this disorder can have inherited underpinnings. Finally, you can focus on Bipolar Disorder Symptoms and compare it to the patient’s behavior.
What are the other Treatments for Bipolar Symptoms?
The management for this disorder relies on the Bipolar Diagnosis of the patient. It does not only include the pharmacologic therapy. Hence, there are many treatments that can be enumerated to be introduced simultaneously with medications. The most popular one is the Psychotherapy, comprised by different treatments that can significantly improve to the client’s condition. One of these is cognitive therapy wherein patients can be trained to modify negative or detrimental judgment and behaviors. Family therapy is the involvement of every member of the family to help them resolve conflicts. Moreover, group therapy is performed to help the patient interact or socialize with other patients and supervise their daily activities. Milieu therapy is also essential to these patients because it will construct their activities according to the episode they’re in.
When these management options fail, the last recourse for this condition is the Electro Convulsive Therapy. It is done by introducing 70-150 volts on the patient’s temporal or parietal lobe with the duration of 0.5-2.0 seconds. About 30-60 minutes of grand mal or general seizure will then follow. Its frequency is at 2-3 times a week that should total to 6-12 treatments. The major side-effect of this procedure is transient memory loss, headache and deep sleep. The complications that can arise are fractures and respiratory depression.
What Disorders can often Coexist with Bipolar?
This is the main reason why Bipolar Diagnosis is difficult to confirm.
Several disorders can coexist with this condition such as alcoholism, which can commonly mask the Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder, anxiety related disorders (phobia and post traumatic stress disorder), and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder for children. Patients can also be at a high risk to develop migraines and thyroid diseases.