Depression symptoms involve the feeling of sadness or being down that may occur for weeks or even months.
Depressed people may also experience lack of energy and feelings of hopelessness. They may even experience little or no pleasure with the things that gave them joy in the past. People who are depressed may feel unmotivated in doing his or her tasks even things like eating, sleeping and getting dressed. However, in some cases, depressed individuals may exhibit an increase in activity level.
Depression commonly affects teenage people. They can affect anyone regardless of age, economic status, race, color, and race. Females are also said to be more affected by this disorder than males.
What is Depression and Its Types?
There are several types of depression. They are usually classified according to how long or the occurrence depression symptoms. It may occur in a short period of time, or it may last for weeks to months. Depression is also classified depending on the causes and symptoms of the disorder. Identifying the type of depression aids the physician in managing the patient’s symptoms.
Major depression is characterized by episodes of mood change that may last for several weeks or months. This type of depression is considered to be one of the most severe types. It is usually manifested by loss of pleasure in activities that used to be fun, or an irritable mood. It may interfere with the person’s normal functioning. An individual may experience an episode of major depression once in a lifetime. However, in some cases, repeated episodes may occur.
Dysthymia otherwise known as melancholy is less severe compared to major depression. However, depression symptoms may last longer, often several years. Depressed individuals may experience an alternating feeling of low and normal mood. Unlike, major depression, this type may not cause a disruption in a person’s normal living.
Other types of depression include bipolar disorder and psychotic depression. Bipolar disorder manifests alternate episodes of depression symptoms and mania. Depression in this type is usually severe. Bipolar disorder is also known as a manic-depressive disorder. Psychotic depression, on the other hand, refers to depression that is accompanied by delusions or hallucinations. This type is a result of very severe depression that it causes the individual to lose touch with reality.
Depression symptoms may vary from one person to another, but other symptoms of depression that occur are common. Remember that it is normal for a person to experience these symptoms once in a while. However, if these symptoms become disabling and overwhelming, it is important to seek medical help for proper treatment.
Common depression symptoms include the feeling of sadness and a depressed mood almost most of the time. The individual may always feel tired and lacks energy. Inability to experience pleasure in enjoyable things may also occur. The person may tend to withdraw himself from his family and friends. Weight loos or weight gain may happen as well as disturbances in sleeping patterns. The patient may have difficulty sleeping or getting up the following morning. In some cases, the patient may tend to blame self in loses and feels worthless and guilty most of the time. Suicidal ideation is also common. Other symptoms include: anxiety, anger, irritability, indifference and pessimism.
An individual is considered depressed when at least five or more of the signs of depression mentioned that had occurred for two weeks or more. People who have anxiety and eating disorders may also be experiencing depression. The symptoms of depression may have just been overlapped by the signs of depression of these disorders.
Treatment of Depression
Immediate treatment is recommended for patients diagnosed with depression. Medical conditions associated with depression will also be treated. Treatment may as well include: lifestyle changes, behavioral modifications, supportive therapies, medications, complementary therapies, and psychotherapy. In severe cases, a combination of 2 – 4 treatment modalities may be necessary for a faster and effective treatment. Treatment may last from six months to a year.
Lifestyle changes are important with regards to the treatment of the disorder. This may help the patient manage depression and prevent it from reoccurring. Lifestyle changes may include identifying activities that make the patient feel better. The patient is also encouraged to talk to family and friends and discuss feelings. Maintaining a good attitude and positive outlook can be very beneficial. Regular exercise also shows to increase natural antidepressants of the body. It is also important to avoid illicit substances and alcohol.
Therapy for depression symptoms usually involves psychotherapy and medications such as an antidepressant, and in severe cases, electroconvulsive therapy. Most cases are treated in the outpatient department of an institution. Inpatient care or admission in the hospital may be needed for severe cases, especially for patients who are potential for suicides. This is because they require constant monitoring, at least 24 hours a day. They may also need constant care from mental-health professionals.