Enlarged Heart conditions or Cardiomyopathy may be asymptomatic needs no treatment; for some people, it can progress slowly.
Enlarged heart conditions can be obtained or inherited. The development of these conditions is due to the occurrence of other conditions, diseases and factor. It is inherited base from the fact that it is imbedded in a person’s gene that can be passed from one generation to another. Enlarged heart conditions affect population of all ages. Nevertheless, persons in particular age groups have more chances to have specific types of Enlarged heart conditions.
What is an Enlarged Heart?
Enlarged Heart conditions refer to the disorders of the heart tissues. This condition is also called Cardiomyopathy. The heart tissues become thick, rigid and enlarged. The heart muscles are reinstated by scar tissues. As the condition get worse, the heart becomes feebler. It pumps less blood throughout the body and can’t maintain a regular electrical rhythm. The weakening heart will have more complications as an end result; it can cease to pump which can cause the death of the patient.
What are the Types of Enlarged Heart Conditions?
Dilated Cardiomyopathy is one of the types of this condition. It it’s the most common form that occurs to majority of people. Its incidence in adults is higher for people who age 20-60 years old. Males have the higher chance of having the diseases compared to females for this condition.
This condition includes the ventricles and atria of the heart. It typically commence at the left ventricle, the heart’s propelling chamber to the pulmonary system. The heart muscles becomes stretched and thinner (dilated) that causes the chamber to increase in size. The disorder frequently extends to the right ventricle to the atria as the disorder worsens. Heart muscles cannot contract properly to provide blood to the body.
Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy or HCM can have an effect on one out of every five hundred people. It can affect both sexes equally. HCM is a usual origin of SCA or sudden cardiac arrest in young people, involving young athletes. In this type of condition the heart tissue increases in size and causes the ventricle (typically the left ventricle) walls to thicken. In spite of this thickening, the size of the ventricle is usually normal.
However, the thickening of the ventricles may obstruct the flow of blood out of it. If this occurs, the condition is termed as Obstructive Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy. Sometimes, the thickening of the septum occurs and swells out to the left ventricle. Eventually, this can as well obstruct the flow of blood beyond the left ventricle. If there is an occlusion, the ventricle should work harder to pump adequate blood to the body which can make Enlarged Heart Symptoms to come about. Since the most affected part is the left ventricle then the mitral valve takes the most damage.
Restrictive Cardiomyopathy predisposes its incidence to older adults; the heart’s ventricles develop into a rigid and stiff portion as a result of scar tissue substitution. As an outcome, the ventricles won’t be able to relax and fill with blood, then enlargement of the atria occur. As time passes, flow of blood in the heart is abridged.
Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Dysplasia or ARVD is a rare form of Enlarged Heart conditions. This is a condition where the death of the ventricle occurs and scar tissues exist as a replacement. There will be a disruption on the heart electrical signals and results to arrhythmias. It commonly affects young adults and teens and can cause SCA to young athletes.
What are the Causes of Enlarged Heart conditions?
Cardiomyopathy can be inherited or developed as mentioned earlier. Dilated Cardiomyopathy causes are frequently unknown; one third of the affected persons inherited the disease from their parents. Particular conditions, substances and diseases as well can give rise to this condition such as heart attack, hypertension, coronary artery diseases, thyroid disease, diabetes, HIV, viral hepatitis, infections (viral infections that swells the heart tissue), alcohol (aggravates when the person has an unhealthy diet), complications during the 5th month of pregnancy and specific toxins.
Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy is commonly inherited and arises from the mutation of genes in the heart tissue proteins. It can also develop through time due to hypertension or aging. Other conditions such as thyroid disease and diabetes mellitus can result to HCM and sometimes the origin is unknown.
Enlarged Heart conditions like Restrictive Cardiomyopathy occurs when there is an excessive iron build up in the body. Too much iron (hemachromatosis) causes a toxic state of the body that can injure several organs, involving the heart. It can also be due to an inflammation that involves several organs. The immune response of the body may enable Sarcoidosis to occur. It results the small cell lumps to be created in the organ. Connective tissue diseases can be a cause of Cardiomyopathy. Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Dysplasia is a hereditary disorder.