Gonorrhea symptoms may vary depending on the organ affected, as well as the gender of the patient.
Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted infection that may affect both females and males. Commonly affected organs includes: the throat, rectum, or urethra. The cervix may also be affected in females. The disease is commonly transmitted during sexual interaction. However, newborns may also become infected. In newborns, gonorrhea usually affects the eyes.
Gonorrhea is a very common disease. In some cases, gonorrhea symptoms may not even manifest themselves. This makes it difficult to diagnose the disease, and know that a person is infected. This results to the easy spread of the disease.
Prevention of the disease is very important and can be done in different ways. This includes using a condom or abstaining from any sexual contact. Having a mutually monogamous sexual relationship is also important, and a best way to prevent transmission of gonorrhea and other sexually transmitted infection.
Gonorrhea symptoms commonly affect the genitals or the genital tract. However, it may also affect multiples sites in a person’s body. Symptoms may vary in men and women. Gonorrhea symptoms in men often include: pus like discharge coming out from the penis, swelling or pain in one testicle, and painful urination. In women, pelvic and abdominal pain, vaginal bleeding between periods, painful urination, increased vaginal discharge, and bleeding after sexual intercourse may occur.
Gonorrhea symptoms also affect other parts of the body. Gonorrhea affecting the rectum may exhibit symptoms such as: straining during bowel movements, bleeding, pus like discharges from the rectum, and itching of the anus. If the eyes are affected, the affected individual may experience discharges from one or both eyes, photosensitivity, and eye pain. Individuals affected by gonorrhea in the throat may have a swollen lymph node in the neck as well as sore throat. Furthermore, if the joints are affected, it may result to septic arthritis. This may result to pain, swelling, redness, and warmness in the affected joint. It may also cause limited range of motion due to pain when movement occurs.
Causes of Gonorrhea Symptoms
Gonorrhea symptoms may occur because of an infection caused by the bacteria known as Neisseria gonorrhoeae. The infection may be transmitted through any type of sexual intercourse. This is because the infection may occur in the anus, penis, vagina, and mouth. Infected pregnant women may transmit the infection to their newborns during vaginal delivery.
The bacteria often grow in moist and warm areas of the body. This includes the urethra or the tube where urine passes through and out of the body. In females, the reproductive site is the common site of bacterial growth, which includes: the cervix, uterus, and fallopian tubes. The eyes can also be affected.
People who have multiple sexual partners are more likely to develop this infection. Individuals whose partner has a history of sexually transmitted disease are also prone to acquire the disease. Couples who engage in unprotected sex or doesn’t use a condom are also at risk. In some cases, the use of illegal substance or alcohol may also contribute to the development of gonorrhea.
Treatment and Prevention of Gonorrhea
Individuals who experience gonorrhea symptoms must immediately consult a physician or gynecologist. The physician may ask the patient to undergo a series of exam. A urine sample may be needed as well as swabbing of the cervix or vagina for discharge, for women. The swab will then be analyzed for the presence of Neisseria gonorrhoeae. The specimen may also be inspected for the presence of other sexually transmitted infection such as chlamydia and syphilis. Sexual partners of the affected individual should also submit themselves for proper diagnosis.
If the presence of gonorrhea is confirmed, the physician may ask the patient to undergo antibiotic therapy. Sexual partners of the patient should also be treated immediately. Immediate treatment will reduce the risk for complications. Having the disease doesn’t make an individual immune to the disease, this renders reinfection possible.
Pregnant women infected with gonorrhea that gives birth through vaginal delivery should immediately have their newborn treated for gonorrhea as soon as possible. Treatment involves giving antibiotics in the newborn’s eyes. The goal of this is to prevent the occurrence of infection. If the newborn becomes infected, antibiotic therapy is needed.
Prevention of gonorrhea symptoms is more important than treating the disease. This can be done through having protected sex, by using a condom. Another way is to abstain from having sexual intercourse. Condoms should be used in any type of sex, including vaginal, oral, or anal sex. It is also important for you and your sexual partner to be tested for any sexually transmitted infection. If you suspect someone having the disease, or having unusual symptoms such as a sore, genital rash, or painful urination, it is essential to avoid sexual contact with that individual.