All training manuals clearly recommend to regularly air out the room where a patient lies and also do moist mopping on a daily basis.
The easiest and the most effective way to learn how to professionally care for a disabled person is to hire a nurse. Do not be surprised! A professional nurse will teach you how to care for immobile patients. You can also take www.topcnaclasses.com and learn how to do it yourself.
Bed linen should be changed weekly – and this is a vital issue. The longer the linen was on the bed, the more crumbs were spilled on it, the greater the risk of pressure sores will be.
In order to change the linen and make the bed, you should, if possible, take the patient to another bed. If you move an overweight person, you might need some help: one person puts his hands under the head and shoulder blades, the other person – under the waist and thighs. All movements should be done simultaneously.
If there you cannot move your patient, there is another solution: the patient is moved to the edge of the bed, the dirty sheet is rolled along the length into some kind of a bandage, and the clean sheet is rolled out to replace it. The patient is put to the clean side of the bed, after that we remove the dirty sheet and spread the clean one.
If the condition allows to do so, the patient needs to take a sit on a bed and wash their hands, face, neck and ears with water an soap heated to a room temperature by themselves. Immobile patients need to be wiped with tampons or a sponge moistened with water with some vodka or cologne added to it. When it comes to severely ill patients, you should wipe the whole body with camphor alcohol – especially folds in the groin, armpits and skin areas under the mammary glands in women. If the skin is dry, you need to lubricate it with baby cream every 2-3 days.
In addition, it is necessary to clean the oral cavity after each meal.
Moderately ill patient needs to be washed once a week in a bath or in the shower following the advice of a doctor. The bath needs to be half filled with water (of at least 35–37 ° C). The patient needs assistance in washing their head, back and legs. When washing under the shower, patient needs to sit in the bath on a bench and use a flexible hose for washing.
Severely ill and weakened patients need to be washed in bed. You should put an oilcloth on top of the sheet before you start a wash. Use a sponge moistened with warm water and soap to wash the upper half of the body first, then, move to the abdomen, thighs and legs.
For washing genitals (as well as for emptying the bladder and intestines), nurses use a bedpan and warm water. This procedure needs to be done several times a day.
In order to prevent bedsores, it is necessary to change the position of a patient’s body several times a day and regularly do a simple massage.