Personality disorder is a mental illness involving patterns of behavior and perception that interferes with people’s ability to function socially.
The term ‘personality’ discusses about the patterns of behaviors, feelings, and thoughts which makes us people, what we are. People don’t really behave, feel, or think exactly the same way. Certain factors may affect our personality, this includes the environment we live in, the people we live with, as well as the situations we’ve been through. Each of us has our own set of behavioral patterns, which makes up our personality. Some of us are of the shy type, while some are lively, selfish, and many more.
A person’s personality doesn’t really change. However, it may develop as one goes through different experiences throughout their life, as well as when circumstances change. As we grow old, we became mature. The way we behave, feel, and think changes. These changes depend on circumstances. Human beings are often flexible. We are able to cope with life effectively through changing our behaviors as we learn through our past experiences.
However, this may be different for individuals with a personality disorder. An individual with this disorder finds it more difficult to change their behaviors, feelings, and thinking. They find it difficult to cope up with the stresses of like because of their limited range of behaviors, attitudes, and emotions. Individuals with this disorder may have different attitudes and beliefs with other people. They’re behaviors are unexpected and unusual. This results to insecurity and hurt leading to difficulty socializing. Tests such as personality disorder test may be used to aid diagnosing these disorders.
Cluster A Personality Disorder
Cluster A Personality disorders are characterized by eccentric or odd thinking, or behaviors which include: schizotypal, schizoid, and paranoid personality disorder.
Individuals with a paranoid personality are often suspicious of others and distrustful. They often find malicious or hostile motives behind behaviors of other people. They often suspect that these people are out to harm them. This often results to retaliation, which people with this disorder finds justifiable. These behaviors of them may lead to rejection. Their relationship with are people are generally distant and cold.
In some cases, individuals who are handicapped or have defects such as blindness or deafness are most likely to develop this disorders. They develop negative attitudes or negative ideas towards people associated with them. Suspicions may heighten; however, unless it involves malice with other people, it is not considered a paranoid personality.
Individuals with a schizoid personality are people who are solitary, withdrawn, and introverted. They are socially distant and emotionally cold. They are fearful of intimacy and closeness with other people as well as often absorbed with their own thoughts. They often daydream and talk only a little. They often fantasize; a defense mechanism.
On the other hand, another type of cluster A personality disorder is the schizotypal personality. Individuals with this disorder are emotionally and socially detached. They also display oddities in communicating, perceiving, and thinking. The symptoms of this disorder and schizophrenia are almost similar. In some cases, an individual with a schizotypal personality develops schizophrenia.
Cluster B Personality Disorder
Cluster B personality disorders are characterized by overly, dramatic emotional behavior or thinking. This includes disorders such as: antisocial, borderline, narcissistic, and histrionic personality disorder.
Individuals with an antisocial personality often exhibits disregard for other people. Stealing and lying may be exhibit by these people. They tend to have difficulty obeying the law and repeatedly violate the rights of other people. Safety of other people and of self may be at risk because of violent and aggressive behavior.
Risky and impulsive behavior is manifest by people with borderline personality. People with these disorder have unstable mood and often violates relationships. They fear being alone and has tendency of committing suicides.
People who constantly seek attention are traits of people with a histrionic personality. They also have unstable mood and exhibits sensitivity to others and excessively emotional. They are often concern with their physical appearance to gain attention.
The last type of cluster B personality disorder is the narcissistic personality. They fantasize attractiveness, success, and power. They tend to exaggerate their talents and achievements. People with this disorder love to be constantly admired and praise, which leads to disregard for the feelings and emotions of others.
Cluster C Personality disorder
This cluster of personality disorders is characterized by constant thinking or behavior of fear or anxiety. This includes disorders such as: obsessive-compulsive, dependent, and avoidant personality disorder. An avoidant personality involves feelings of hypersensitivity to rejection or criticism. They may feel inadequate and socially isolated. They are timid and shy in social situations.
A person with a dependent personality, as stated in its name, is manifested with being dependent on other people. They are submissive and have a desire to be taken care of others. They tolerate poor or abusive treatment. They may feel the urge to start new relationships when their previous one has ended.
The last in cluster C personality disorder is the obsessive-compulsive personality. These people are often preoccupied with rules and orderliness. They are perfectionists and love to be in control of different situations. They may have difficulty discarding worthless or broken objects.