Prostate cancer symptoms are only marked during the delayed phase of the disease.
Prostate gland is an organ seen at the outlet or base of the bladder. The bladder serves as a temporary storage of urine. This gland encloses the foremost portion of the urethra. Urethra is the passageway of the urine and drains from the urinary bladder to egress from the penis.
One of the purposes of this gland is to aid the control of urination by pressuring directly against the area of the urethra that it encloses. The primary purpose of the prostate gland is to generate certain substances that are seen in normal seminal fluids, such as sugar and minerals. Seminal fluid is the substance that transports the sperm cells to support the reproduction process. A man can live productively even without his prostate gland.
In a young male, the regular size of a prostate gland is akin to the size of a walnut, which weighs less than 30 grams. During regular aging, however, the prostate gland typically grows larger. The particular hormone associated in the enlargement during the phases of aging is termed as BPH or benign prostatic hyperplasia. This disease is not related with cancer of the prostate. Prostate infection and BPH, however, may cause same difficulties in older males. For instance, the enlargement of the prostate gland can tighten or hinder on the outlet of the urethra or the bladder that can lead to problems with urination.
The outcome of symptoms of prostate cancer usually involves sluggish urinary stream and urinating more often, specifically during night time. Patients must seek medical help form their physicians, such as an urologist or a primary health care professional if the prostate cancer symptoms persists so immediate prostate cancer treatment can be given.
Prostate Cancer Symptoms At A Glance
Prostate cancer is a cancerous or malignant growth which consists of certain cells from the prostate gland. In general, the malignant growth or tumor typically grows gradually and remains restricted inside the gland for several years. During this event, the malignant growth creates no or few manifestations or warning signs during a physical examination. Nevertheless, not all cancer of the prostrate cases behaves similarly.
Several aggressive forms spread and grow more quickly than other cases. These conditions may cause a noteworthy shortening of life span in men affected by them. Gleason scare is used in gauging the development of prostate cancer, which is analyzed by a trained pathologist scrutinizing the prostate biopsy specimen under a special kind of microscope.
As the cancer progresses, nevertheless, it can extend beyond the prostate cells into the adjacent tissues or locally spread throughout other organs. Thus, the cancer cells also spread or metastasize even farther throughout other portions of the body, such as the liver, bones, and lungs. Prostate cancer symptoms are more related to advanced cases of prostate cancer.
Particular Symptoms of Prostate Cancer
In the early phases, this condition frequently causes no Symptoms of Prostate Cancer for several years. In point of fact, these cancer cases are often detected first by an irregularity on a certain blood exam, PSA or prostate specific antigen test, or as a rigid lump or nodule within the prostate gland. Intermittently, the physician can first palpate a rigid lump during the annual DRE or digital rectal examination. The gland is palpated immediately at the front of the rectum.
Infrequently, in more latent cases, the cancer can increase in size and add pressure on the urethra. As an outcome, the urine flow is reduced and urination may become more difficult. Patients with this disorder can as well experience burning pain during urination or hematuria (blood in the urine).
As the malignant growth continues to enlarge, it can entirely occlude the urine flow resulting in a painfully occluded and blown up urinary bladder. These manifestations by themselves, nevertheless, do not substantiate the presence of cancer in the prostate gland. The majority of manifestations that occur in males with benign prostatic hyperplasia are the most typical type of prostate enlargement. Nevertheless, the incidence of symptoms should necessitate an immediate evaluation by a physician to exclude cancer and supply appropriate management.
Moreover, in the latter phase, cancer can extend locally in the surrounding lymph nodes, such as the pelvic nodes, and tissues. The cancer cells may spread even beyond other adjacent areas. Manifestations of metastatic disorder involve malaise, weight loss, and fatigue. The physician during the DRE may sometimes detect local multiplication into adjacent tissues. The condition can extend to the lungs and the liver. Metastasis to the liver tissue may cause abdominal pain and jaundice in some instances. Metastasis to both lungs may cause cough and chest pain.
Diagnosing Prostate Cancer
Prostate cancer symptoms are detected from the outcomes of a biopsy evaluation of the prostate gland. If the DRE of the prostate gland or the prostate specific antigen blood test is irregular, this type of cancer is suspected. A prostate biopsy is commonly suggested. The biopsy is performed trans-rectally and it is guided by an ultrasound image of the evaluated area. A small portion of the prostate tissue is extracted in the course of a cutting needle.