Signs of Colon Cancer are become more and more common as people age.
The incidence of Colorectal cancer increases as the population age but it is also moderately common with young adults. The earlier it is seen and diagnosed, the sooner the treatment can begin. Early treatment can save your life, so it important for you to learn to identify the typical symptoms and signs of colon cancer and how to screen for it.
This Symptoms of Colon Cancer should not be overlooked or mistaken with other lower digestive tract disorders. This cancer can progress from the colon to the rectum. It is considered to be a hidden disorder but can slowly kill you in the long run of the disease. The disease is said to be hidden because at its early stage it is typically asymptomatic.
What is Cancer?
Cancer consists of abnormal cells in the body which can affect the basic unit of the life which is the cell, the unit that started it all. A cell maybe the smallest unit in the body but without its presence no organs and systems will be formed. They are considered to be the building blocks of the human anatomy.
In this case, the disruption of the normal cell function is possible because Cancer cellshave the ability to rapidly divide itself without order and control. This disrupts homeostasis in a person’s body because the division of cells usually only occurs when the body needs it. As the cancer cells rapidly divide, a mass type of tissue or a tumor is produced, may it be malignant or benign. Tumors that are benign are not Cancer. This type of growth can be removed through surgeries and usually don’t recur after its removal; it doesn’t spread to any other parts of the body and it is often not life threatening.
Malignant tumors are cancerous cells that damage and invade organs and tissues adjacent to it. It can also break its way from being a tumor and eventually introduces itself to the lymphatic system and bloodstream. For this reason, cancer cells can easily spread to other parts of the body especially to the highly vascularized organs. The term for the spread of cancer is called metastasis. If cancer cells invade the colon and the rectum, Colorectal Cancer Symptoms will start to appear.
What are the Causes of Colon Cancer Symptoms?
Colon Cancer is not a contagious disease which means that you can’t catch it by just having a personal contact with a Cancer patient. Researches have proven that a portion of the human population has the higher likelihood to develop Colorectal Cancer Symptoms. The causes of its occurrence are associated to high fat ingestion, family record of Colon Cancer Diagnosis and chronic ulcerative colitis.
A diet with high fat intake will predispose a person to Colon Cancer because of the fat metabolism product breakdown can lead to the development of carcinogens or cancer causing chemicals. Diets that are high in fiber such as vegetables and fruits may liberate the bowel from these carcinogenic materials.
Polyps of the Colon can progress to colon cancer; therefore the removal of these polyps can prevent the Symptoms Colon Cancer from occuring. They can be initially benign but over the years, it can acquire a supplementary chromosome to become cancer cells.
Ulcerative Colitis can establish a complication like cancer on chronic cases. The rise of colorectal cancer can increase its risk when the condition is already at its eight to tenth year of incidence. Genetic factors have been strongly proven to increase the risk of having Colon Cancer especially among the first degree relatives of colorectal cancer patients. The types of colon cancer that have the familial aspect as its risk factors are Familial Adenomatous Polyposis (FAP), Attenuated Familial Adenomatous Polyposis (AFAP), Hereditary Nonpolyposis Colon Cancer (HNPCC) and MYH Polyposis Syndrome.
What are the Signs of Colon Cancer?
Colon cancer can manifest itself in numerous ways. A person can be on an asymptomatic phase during its early stage. As the disease worsens, the patient can show signs of hemorrhage from the rectum or blood in the stool (hematochesia). With only the sign, the diagnosis of the disease is often overlooked as other disorder such as hemorrhoids.For prolonged rectal bleeding, the outcome is iron deficiency anemia. Iron deficiency anemia can be associated to the patient’s symptoms of pale skin and fatigue.
The tumor can partially or entirely block the colon as the tumor enlarges and other symptoms may come about such as abdominal distension, abdominal pain due to perforation of bowel and peritonitis (inflammation of the peritoneum), unexplained unrelenting nausea and vomiting, inexplicable weight loss, change in character or frequency of stool, ribbon like stools, tenesmus or the sensation defecating even after bowel movements and rectal pain which rarely happens and can indicate a huge tumor located at the rectum that obstruct the passage of stools.
How is Colorectal Cancer Prevented?
Colon Cancer Symptoms can be prevented effectively by early detection and elimination of the precancerous part of the colon before it progress to cancer. Signs of Colon Cancer can be prevented as well even in the cancerous phase. However, the prevention already lies on the tertiary level. Early recognition of cancer can significantly advance the probability of cure by surgery, chemotherapy and other therapies.