Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has no known cure yet, but it is possible to slow down its affliction or to stop its progress provided the afflicted person observes appropriate treatment and lives a healthy lifestyle. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is divided in to 5 stages according to the measurement of estimated rate of glomerular filtration, or GFR. It should be noted that in first stage is normal, but which is minimally lessened in second stage.
Stage 1: At this point, the afflicted person demonstrates slight kidney damage but without showing any symptoms at all; and so, he may not be even aware he has stage 1 chronic kidney disease (). His GFR is at normal or at high level of more than 90 ml/min. Ways by which a person may know he has the disease are through the following manifestations: medical check up for another health conditions, like diabetes or high blood pressure; the urea or creatinine level within the blood is higher than normal; presence of protein or blood in the urine; results of an , ultrasound, CT scan, or X-ray reveal evidence of damage, and; the afflicted individual has a history within the family suffering from polycystic kidney diseases or PKD.
It is recommended, therefore, that Stage 1 chronic kidney disease (CKD) afflicted persons should properly observe a healthy diet and maintain a healthy blood pressure level.
Stage 2: Just like in the first, Stage 2 chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients demonstrate mildly reduced kidney function, but still, they do not know they have the disease since no apparent manifests yet. However, their GFR level drops at 60 to 89 ml/min.
It is recommended that patients of chronic kidney disease (CKD) should observe an active lifestyle by keeping a healthy diet, maintaining a healthy blood pressure level, keeping tab of their blood sugar level, submitting for regular medical check up including a serum creatinine test to measure their GFR, following proper medications, exercising regularly, and staying away from smoking.
Stage 3: At this stage, chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients would now begin to demonstrate symptoms of the disease, like: fatigue, excess fluid in the body, a frequent urge to urinate, pain in their back, and sleeping problems. They would also experience a moderately reduced kidney function with their GFR level drops at 30 to 59 ml/min. At this point when their kidneys’ functions start to decline, patients tend to develop a condition called uremia because wastes may now begin to accumulate in the blood. Besides, they become vulnerable to complications of kidney disease, like high blood pressure, anemia, and/or bone disease. Patients will now be advised to strictly observe a healthy diet.
Stage 4: At this stage, patients would now have a severely reduced kidney function where their GFR level drops at 15 to 30 ml/min. Dialysis or a possible kidney transplant might be required at this stage. In addition to the complications that have developed at Stage 3, chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients are now likely to acquire heart disease and other cardiovascular disorders when they reach Stage 4.
Stage 5: Here, chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients have come to an advanced state or end of renal disease stage (ESRD), where their kidneys lost almost all of its abilities to function that a kidney transplant or a dialysis be the only option for them to survive. Their GFR now has dangerously dropped to less than 15 ml/min, and toxins have already accumulated in the blood resulting to an overall ill condition.