Kidney is a very vital organ inside our body and it is responsible for cleaning our body of the waste substances that accumulate inside our body.
The shape of a kidney resembles that of a bean and usually the size of the area is equal to your fist or a standard computer mouse. The kidneys are positioned at the back alongside the backbone, at the end of the rib cage and opposite to each other. The kidneys act as a filtering unit of the body and processes almost 200 quarts of our blood to strain about 2 quarts of waste residue and excess water. This extra water combined with waste matter turns into urine which then flows to the bladder through the tubes called ureters. The bladder will be fills with urine until it empties through the urination process.
The breakdown effects in the body are responsible for creating waste that emerges in the blood and is purified by the kidneys. These breakdowns normally occur due to active tissues (muscles) and the food we consume. As the food we eat is the greatest source of energy to our body, through the digesting process the body absorbs all that is needed and required by the body for energy and self healing purposes and the remaining in form of waste is transferred to the blood which is then purified by the kidneys. Such is the importance of kidneys that if they do not cleanse the blood of the harmful waste it would result in serious damages to the body and many chronic diseases can developed if these waste matters accumulate in large quantities in the blood.
Our kidneys contains millions of tiny units each, known as Nephrons. In every nephron a glomerulus, which is a very small blood vessel, interlinks with small urine extraction tube known as a rubule. The basic function of the glomerulus is to strain the blood by storing all proteins and cells in the blood and giving way to all waste and excess fluids to pass through it. In result of a complex chemical reaction, the waste and extra liquid disintegrate from the blood and reach the urinary system.
Initially when the waste matter is transferred to the tubules it is further on processed as it still holds chemicals that the body may use such as Sodium, Phosphorus and Potassium. And because of this extra filtration the kidneys supervises the levels and requirements of our body and maintain it, as it is necessary for a healthy body.
The kidney is also responsible for performing functions other than purifying the blood. They also release three kinds of hormones which are
- EPO or erythropoietin hormone which stimulates bone marrow to produce red blood cells.
- Renin hormone which is vital in regulating blood pressure.
- Calcitriol hormone, this is an active form of vitamin D, and its function is to balance calcium in the body so that bones are healthy and the chemical balance in the body is perfect.
It is crucial to take care of your kidney and bladder at the same time and be aware of any and as treatment at the earliest stage will reduces the damages done on the kidney and recovery process is faster.